Individuals with fluency disorders have difficulties with the flow and rhythm of speech. This is commonly known as a stutter.
Stuttering occurs when an individual experiences syllable, word, or phrase repetitions (“I wah, wah, want to go.”), prolongations (“I wwwwant to go.”) and/or blocking (“I——want to go.”). Often, individuals who stutter demonstrate additional behaviors such as poor eye contact and/or avoidance of difficult words. They may also present with secondary behaviors such as eye blinking or fist clenching.
Seeking therapy may increase a speaker’s confidence, as well as reduce the likelihood of social withdrawal or avoidance of certain communication situations (e.g. family gatherings, talking with neighbours, or talking with colleagues within the workplace).